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Citizenship Process


There are many steps you must take in order to become a Canadian citizen.

Step 1

You must find out if you qualify to become a citizen. There are six areas:

View the eligibility criteria to see if you meet the requirements.

Step 2

When you know you meet the requirements, you can

  • Get an application package
  • Collect documents to submit with your application. The documents checklist is on the application package.
  • Pay your application fees
  • Submit your application

Any time you need assistance with your citizenship application, you can always contact a settlement worker at the many Settlement Services Organizations in Peel.

Step 3

After you mail out your application, you can check your application status.

Step 4

Once your application is accepted, you will need to write a citizenship test. There are free Citizenship Test classes to help you prepare for this test. The test asks what you know about Canada. It is usually written, but Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) may also ask you to come to an interview with a citizenship judge to see if you can speak and understand English or French.

When you come for your written or oral test, bring:

  • The original documents you sent with your application
  • Any passport or travel documents you used in the 4 years before you applied

Step 5

The results of your test will be given to you after you take it.

If you pass the test, you might do your citizenship ceremony on the same day. But most likely, IRCC will mail you a letter with the date and time of your ceremony. At the ceremony, you will take the Oath of Citizenship and get a citizenship certificate.

If you do not pass the test, you will need to write a second test. If you do not pass the second test, you will need to do an interview with a citizenship judge. The judge will ask you questions to know if you have the language ability and knowledge about Canada.

Check the citizenship process on the Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada website to learn more.

There is also a great resource to guide you step-by-step if you need more help. Check out Citizenship Counts for more information.